Hodges, Albert Beauregard
Albert Hodges (1861-1944) was a former U.S. Champion. His first job was a hidden operator of Ajeeb, the chess automaton, at the Eden Musee in New York.. He played chess and checkers. He won the US championship in 1894 after defeating Jackson Showalter (5 wins, 3 losses, 1 draw). He never defended his title due to business pressures (he was an accountant). Pillsbury challenged him in 1895 but Hodges declined for business reasons and announced his retirement from the title in 1896. He was the only American master to play against 5 world chess champions over a period of 60 years. He played Zukertort, Steinitz, Lasker, Capablanca, and Alekhine. He won the Manhattan Chess Club Championship (1893 and 1899) and the New York championship (1892, 1893, 1894). He played in all 13 Anglo-American cable matches without losing a game. He founded the Staten Island Chess Club and was its president for 12 years. From 1893 to 1913, he was secretary of the Sailors Snug Harbor. He died of a heart attack.